The Crowning of Mary is the final Glorious Mystery, to some it is the last one in the whole Rosary. This is another one of the mysteries that isn’t a story directly in the Bible. There is some glancing at the idea in the Bible notably in Revelation 12:1-7. This is the decade where Mary is crowned as Queen of Heaven. The fruit of this mystery is perseverance and increase in virtue, trust in Mary’s intercession. This is important and we tend to neglect it at time but Mary is one of the best individual to ask to intercede on our behalf with our prayers and concerns to our heavenly father. I hope that we all can turn to Mary at some time this month and pray a Rosary when we’ve got a free moment.
As I said earlier in the week May is one of the months that is dedicated to Mary, specifically the Queenship of Mary. Ad Caeli Reginam is Encyclical from Pope Pius XII from 1954 which proclaimed the Queenship of Mary. Now this isn’t as long as the modern encyclicals from Francis and John Paul II. It is not separated into any sections and it focuses on Mary.
We begin with the idea that Mary has been a major figure in the Church for ages as ” Mary, the Virgin Mother of God, reigns with a mother’s solicitude over the entire world.” Pius continues the history of Marian devotion highlighting the dogma of the Assumption established in Munificentissimus Deus and the Immaculate Conception established in Ineffabilis Deus the Apostolic constitution from Pius IX as well as the “current” Marian Year in 1954. In light of the urging from all over the world the Pope has decided to institute the liturgical feast of the Queenship of the Blessed Virgin Mary,this feast was put on May 31 it was moved by Paul VI to August 22, the octave of the Assumption.
Then Pius XII goes into the belief from ancient days that since Mary is the mother of Jesus she has a special place in heaven. It continues from various saints through the ages have been calling Mary a queen. The Encyclical ends nicely as it goes with “let no one consider himself exempt from this tribute of a grateful and loving soul – let him invoke the most effective of Queens, the Mediatrix of peace; let him respect and preserve peace, which is not wickedness unpunished nor freedom without restraint, but a well-ordered harmony under the rule of the will of God; to its safeguarding and growth the gentle urgings and commands of the Virgin Mary impel us.”
Take some time this month of May and reflect on the Virgin Mother, pick up a Rosary at some point this month.
“The Golden Bull” Gloriosae Dominae is an Apostolic Letter from Pope Benedict XIV way back in 1748. In Gloriosae Dominae, Benedict called Mary the Queen of Heaven and Earth and says that the sovereign King has in some way communicated to her his ruling power. It also honors the Sodality of Our Lady, this is like a confraternity sort of. the Sodality of the Blessed Virgin Mary was formed in 1563 for school boys by a Jesuit at the Roman College. According to a Jesuit historian the young men from the college agreed to daily mass, weekly confession, monthly Communion, as well as to a half-hour of meditation each day and to some other pious exercises. They would also “serve the poor” and their patron was Mary. Later on Pope Sixtus V allowed non students to join in as well. Simply put it was a Marian society. Gloriosae Dominae is called the Golden Bull since Benedict used gold instead of the normal lead to seal the document in honor of Mary.
Bis Saeculari is an Apostolic Constitution from Pope Pius XII was issued for the 200th anniversary of “The Golden Bull” from Pope Benedict XIV. This was later quoted by Pius XII in Ad Caeli Reginam, which we will get to later. In Bis Saeculari, Pius praises the work of the Sodality and says that by propagating, spreading and defending Catholic doctrine they must be considered among the most powerful spiritual force in the world. Pius also calls for a revival of Marian congregations especially in the post war years. Many saints have been members of Marian congregations and we should follow their examples.
This is a nice way to end this Month of Mary
This is the Hail Holy Queen that the final prayer of the Rosary. It is also on of the four Marian antiphons with the Alma Redemptoris Mater, Ave Regina Caelorum and the Regina Coeli all of which are sung/prayed during compline or night prayers during the Liturgy of the Hours.
In case you don’t know it here it follows:
Hail, holy Queen, Mother of Mercy, our life, our sweetness and our hope. To thee do we cry, Poor banished children of Eve; To thee do we send up our sighs, Mourning and weeping in this valley of tears. Turn then, most gracious advocate, Thine eyes of mercy toward us; And after this our exile,
Show unto us the blessed fruit of thy womb, Jesus. O clement, O loving, O sweet Virgin Mary.
Pray for us, O holy Mother of God, that we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ.
If you remember last week I said this is often combined with Assumption or done instead of it. The Coronation is one of those events that some say is only alluded to in the Bible in Revelation with the Mary as the woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars”. So after Mary had gone up to heaven she is crowned as Queen of Heaven and Earth. Let us remember this and try to take care of the world around us in honor of our holy mother. During the month of May local parishes might hold a May Crowning. The feast of the Coronation is on August 22nd. This is the final Glorious mystery and the final Joy of the virgin.
Virginia Dare (16 August 1587-?)
Virginia was the first born colonist in the Roanoke Colony, and that’s about all we definitely know about her. This year is her 428th anniversary of her birth. Being a part of the Lost Colony is about all we really know about all 115 some people who were apart of the expedition. However this might be changing as recently there has been some positive results as they have found some pottery and other artifacts at two location as to possible location the colony moved to. Will we ever really know what happened I doubt it but with all the advances in technology we’ve got to be able to find something more about this. Most scholars tend to believe that the colonists were assimilated into the native population.
National Aviation Day falls on August 19th in the United States and is on Orville Wright’s birthday since the Wright brothers arguably invented the whole industry, although without Glenn Curtiss and his engines I doubt that the industry would be the same.
This week we have another Marian feast the Queenship of Mary is celebrated on August 22. The feast was introduced by Pope Pius XII in the encyclical Ad Caeli Regiam, look for that this October. Pius had the feast at the end of Mary but it was moved by Paul VI to the octave of the Assumption in order to emphasize the close bond between Mary’s queenship and her glorification in body and soul next to her Son
Roch or Rocco (lived c. 1348 – 15/16 August 1376/79 although traditionally c. 1295 – 16 August 1327)
Roch has a unique name and that’s the real reason I chose him. Rocco was born in the Kingdom of Majorca and died in back in his hometown or some indicate that he died in Lombardy. Roch’s whole life seems like a cut and paste job of how to become a Saint, his mother was barren until she prayed to Mary. Roch was born with a red cross on his chest which grew with him, and he would fast just like his mother from an early age. Both of his parents died by the time he turned twelve and Roch distributed all his possessions to the poor, like Francis. He came to Italy during he plague and only survived it thanks in part to a dog who would bring Roch bread and lick his wounds. He went back to his home town but was arrested as a spy by his Uncle and Roch died in prison. Roch is an interesting Saint and is the patron of dogs, falsely accused people, is invoked against plague, and some other things too.
In the final decade of the Rosary we have once again an extra-biblical event. Mary after her Assumption is crowned as Queen of Heaven and Earth. We are reminded of this in May during the May crowning when in some parishes Mary is crowned with a crown of flowers or a real crown. This is also a popular event in the life of Mary for artist to depict. I think that one of the important things in this whole mystery is that Mary is just a regular person whom God asked a questions and she answered “Yes” just imagine what will happen when we arrive in heaven could we be crowned Princesses and Princes of Heaven or something to that effect. This decade should also remind us all that we have royal blood as daughters and son of God.
We have reached the end of the Glorious Mysteries and the Liturgical year what great planning on my part. The Crowning of Mary is like last weeks mystery not an event that is described in the Bible. With the Crowning we are typically pointed toward the woman wearing a crown in the Book of Revelation and infer that this is Mary crowned as Queen of heaven and of earth. Mary is one of the most important figures in the New Testament as she says yes and tells the stewards to do what Jesus tells them. One of the biggest thing is that Mary is like us, a regular person, and she became Queen over everything. So we should all look to Mary as an example of how to live our lives, this can be difficult for men but we also have Joseph to follow as an example. I like to think of Mary like she is the mother of all of us and it is cool to think that we are all princes and princess but it we need to be reminded that we should treat each other accordingly as well as act like it. This really mean treating everyone the same no matter who they are or where they come from as we are all royality. As we conclude this year I hope that we all can go out, especially during this upcoming holiday season, and acknowledge each other in some way.
With this decade we are outside of the Bible similar to last week’s decade (Assumption). This is the final event in the Life of the Virgin, a commonly painted series in the middle ages, often times it was merged with the Life of Christ in artwork around the church as a visual Bible for all to see. Mary has been taken to heaven and is enthroned as Queen as she is without original Sin. This idea has been around for a long time medieval sources call her Queen of Heaven. It is said that St.Jerome in a sermon elaborated on the scriptural base the crowning supposedly found in (Song of Songs 4:8), (Psalms 44:11-12) and (Revelation 12:1-7). It wasn’t until 1954 when Pope Pius XII issued the encyclical Ad Caeli Reginam that the Queenship of Mary was formally defined. Pius XII notes that “The Blessed Virgin Mary should be called Queen, not only because of her Divine Motherhood, but also because God has willed her to have an exceptional role in the work of our eternal salvation.”
Often times during May churches around the world hold a May Crowning where a statue of Mary is crowned with flowers. I hope the over these last couple of weeks of May we can remember of heavenly mother and perhaps pray the Rosary, the Regina Caeli or even just three Hail Marys.