The Crowning of Mary is the final Glorious Mystery, to some it is the last one in the whole Rosary. This is another one of the mysteries that isn’t a story directly in the Bible. There is some glancing at the idea in the Bible notably in Revelation 12:1-7. This is the decade where Mary is crowned as Queen of Heaven. The fruit of this mystery is perseverance and increase in virtue, trust in Mary’s intercession. This is important and we tend to neglect it at time but Mary is one of the best individual to ask to intercede on our behalf with our prayers and concerns to our heavenly father. I hope that we all can turn to Mary at some time this month and pray a Rosary when we’ve got a free moment.
The fourth Glorious Mystery is when we get back to Mary and it is not an event which happens in the Bible, sure Pius XII pointed to Genesis 3:15 and 1 Corinthians 15:54 in Munificentissimus Deus, the Apostolic constitution which declared the dogma of the Assumption. You can also point toward Revelation 12 with the woman clothed in the sun stepping on a serpent’s head. After many years Mary was taken into heaven, some say she died other she fell asleep either way she was taken into heaven. The fruit of this mystery is Grace of a Happy Death and True Devotion towards Mary.
This past Sunday during the Regina Coeli, Pope Francis asked us to join with him this May in praying the Rosary for peace in the world, specifically in Syria. May is one of the two Marian months, the other being October which is dedicated to the Rosary. So I hope that we all can pick up a Rosary sometime this May in join in the prayers of the Holy Father.
The third Glorious mystery is the Decent of the Holy Spirit which happened at Pentecost fifty days after Easter. It is when the Holy Spirit came down upon the Disciples. The fruit of the mystery is Love of God, Holy Wisdom to know the truth and share with everyone, Divine Charity, Worship of the Holy Spirit. This is a lot of things but it is very important when Jesus left he said God would send another advocate to help you and be with you forever. This second part is the most important part the Holy Spirit is with us today we need to remember this all to often we tend to forget that the Spirit is with us and we can/should be asking for help of the Spirit through discernment. I hope that we all can turn to the Holy Spirit at all time in our lives.
The second Glorious mystery is The Ascension it is found in the beginning of the Acts of the Apostles and the Gospel of Luke. Forty days after Easter Jesus and the Apostles gather on the Mount of Olives and Jesus ascends into heaven and tells them to not leave Jerusalem until after the Holy Spirit comes. The fruit of the mystery is Hope and Desire for ascension to Heaven. Hope is something we all can have and we all hope for more than we can get. We also have a desire for all of us to go heaven in the long run.
The first Glorious Mystery is The Resurrection. It appears in all the Gospels and I am positive that it is mentioned in a couple of other New Testament books as well. The fruit of this mystery is faith. Jesus after dying on Good Friday and being placed in a tomb on the first day of the week, the day after the Sabbath, women came to anoint the body, but the stone was rolled away and the tomb was empty. They were told to go tell of the good news. We should be reminded of the Story of Doubting Thomas, who wouldn’t believe that Jesus had risen until Thomas himself could see the hands and put his hand in the side. When Jesus finally appeared that second time with Thomas in the room Jesus said to him “because you’ve seen you believe. Blessed are those who have not see but believe.” This is faith, it is one of the theological virtues written about in the Encyclical Lumen Fidei.
The final Sorrowful Mystery is the Crucifixion of the Lord and focuses on the death of Jesus. It can be found in all the Gospels and it is mentioned several times in the Letters as well. This can also be found in some other non-Biblical books like Tacitus and Josephus as well as in the Babylonian Talmud, it is also mentioned in the Koran where Jesus isn’t Crucified but raised by Allah unto heaven. So Jesus carried the cross and we have the Stations of the Cross which highlight these events, eventually getting to Calvary or Golgotha where he was stripped from his clothes and offered wine mixed with myrrh or gall to drink. Jesus was hung between two thieves with a sign saying Jesus of Nazareth King of the Jews.
The fruit of the mystery is Perseverance in faith, grace for a holy death and Forgiveness. This has quite a few fruits. We touch on the Cardinal Virtue of Fortitude as well as the Gift of from the Holy Spirit. It’s pretty great let us all pray for a holy death. As well as the courage to ask for forgiveness of all that we’ve done wrong in our lives to others and what not.
The fourth sorrowful mystery is Carrying the Cross it can be found in all the Gospels (Matthew 27:31–33, Mark 15:20–22, Luke 23:26–32 and John 19:16–18), but only John specifically mentions a cross and all but John mention Simon the Cyrene, who helped carry the cross. In a couple of weeks we will hear this story at Church several time. Jesus takes the cross, although there is some disagreement as to if it was a whole cross as we see in art or rather just the crossbar as many modern scholars believe. Jesus takes the cross and then we have the whole Stations of the Cross, more on that later.
The fruit of this mystery is Patience. This is something that we all could use a lot more of in the world today. All to often do we need/want everything to be done immediately. Society has trained us to want everything done as quick as possible but we need to take some time. Patience is one of the fruits of the Holy Spirit, and we should continue to ask for patience in our lives.
In this third week of Lent we look at the third sorrowful mystery the Crowning with Thorns. This was another event surrounding the Passion narrative. It can be found in three of the Gospels Matthew 27:29, Mark 15:17 and John 19:2-5. The soldiers who just scourged Jesus made a crown out of thorns and placed it on his head mocking him as the King of the Jews. The fruit of the mystery is Contempt of the world (moral courage). This is a bit with the Intimation of Christ as you look at it, the world continually wants us to ignore anything that cares about religion or really anything but the things of the world. Let’s all take some time to reflect on what role religion plays in our lives, do we make time for it more than an hour on Sunday. It’s sort of like the show Living Biblically based on the book A Year of Living Biblically, sure there are lots of rules in the Bible but it’s like how all to often we tend to be more focused on our electronic devices than on other people and diminishing the experience of going to such events. To put it in other terms it’s like going to a sporting event and not watching the game in front of you but worrying about the outcome of the Battle of the Ironclads (Monitor vs Merrimack) and who benefited the most from the results of the Battle.
The second sorrowful mystery is the Scourging at the Pillar or the Flagellation of Christ, when Pilate had Jesus tied to a column and beaten. It can be found in found in every gospel but Luke, however Luke does have a similar event with the High Priest’s guards beating and mocking Jesus. The fruit of this mystery is Mortification which leans from the purity nature of it. The Scourging is one of the popular aspects of Christ life in art. It has been featured in Western art since around the 9th century. This has moved on to film and literature as well notably in A Clockwork Orange when our main droog Alex sees himself as the solider beating Jesus it is also a difficult scene to watch in Gibson’s The Passion of the Christ. It is featured in the musical Jesus Christ Superstar as well in the song Trial before Pilate where Jesus gets 39 lashes. Once again it is a powerful song and we need to reflect on the nature of this where are we in this scene with Jesus or the ones beating him up. This is what we need to reflect upon this week.
As we begin the Lenten Season we once again start with the Sorrowful Mysteries. The first is the Agony in the Garden it can be found in all the Gospels in different ways. Since the events covered are from the end of Last Supper and the Arrest of Jesus. The Fruit of the mystery is Sorrow for Sin as Uniformity to God’s Will.
When the Last Supper was ended Jesus took a walk to pray, he went to the Garden of Gethsemane at the foot of the Mount of Olives with his apostles/disciples to pray. Peter, James and John were there and Jesus asked them to stay awake for an hour and pray with him. Jesus went off and prayed to the Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass me by. I don’t want to take this poison. Going back to the apostles he finds them asleep and wakes them saying couldn’t you stay up just an hour. While Jesus was praying his sweat was blood and he ended his prayer by accepting it” If the cup can’t pass by let me drink of it your will be done.” After all of this Jesus recognizes that his hour to be betrayed has come.
Let us remember this during Lent we are offered several opportunities for other religious activities confession and stations of the cross seem to be at least a weekly thing along with a fish fry on Fridays during the season. If you have some time take it and go to one of these events or whatever else is offered in our local church.